DOI: 10.14311/BSS.2014.0022



Vladimír Křístek1*, Lukáš Kadlec1

1 CTU in Prague, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Department of Concrete and Masonry Structures, Thákurova 7, 166 29 Prague 6, Czech Republic


*Corresponding author. Email: kristek@fsv.cvut.cz

Due to increase of requirements on accuracy of structural analyses, practically applicable computational tools for reliable determination of the real structural performance of bridges are needed. A method is proposed for the true full 3D analysis which can be applied to achieve the real spatial behaviour of concrete bridge structures taking into account rheological phenomena and changes of structural systems. Particularly, the effects of shear lag, shear performance of webs of box girders, warping torsion, warping of cross-sections, distortional effects, state of stresses in the singular regions, the real prestress loss, etc., can be correctly determined.  The method combines conventional approaches (based on the elementary beamtype assumptions) for calculating the time development of the internal forces due to rheological phenomena and changes in the structural system during construction and routine commercial FEM software intended for calculating spatial shell structures. The method is capable to give the true 3D prediction of structure behaviour by using only commercially available software. The primary advantage of the proposed method is its ease of application which allows the true 3D performance to be determined from simple calculations. The method offers the designers of concrete bridge girders an ideal design tool. The correct 3D simulation can lead to more efficient and economical designs.

KEYWORDS: stress, creep, structural system, 3D analysis, concrete


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