DOI: 10.14311/BSS.2014.0021


Jiří Štoller1*, Zdeněk Dvořák2, Pieter van Gelder3, Petr Stešner4


1 University of Defence, Faculty of Military Technology,

Kounicova 65, 662 10 Brno, Czech Republic

2 University of Žilina, Faculty of Security Engineering,

1. Mája 32, 01 026 Žilina, Slovak Republic

3 TU Delft Safety and Security Institute, Faculty of TPM,

Jaffalaan 5, 2628 BX Delft, The Netherlands

4 153. Engineer Battalion, Lubušina 648/111, 779 00

Olomouc, Czech Republic


*Corresponding author. Email: jiri.stoller@unob.cz

In the Army of the Czech Republic there is one mandatory document related to designing and building protective structures. It is Žen 2-1/1 [1]. This document is mainly dealing with the underground protective structures, which are designed for the pressure at the head of the pressure wave from an atomic blast. Currently, there is no need to build an underground protective structures dimensioned for pressure on the head of a shock wave from an atomic blast. More desirable is the construction of aboveground structures for protection, which is more economical and people can take place inside faster. This work deals with the determination of a suitable form of overhead shelter in terms of its interaction with the blast wave. By research Žen 2-1/1 [1], obligatory document STANAG 2280 [2], books Teorie působení výbuchu [3] and Dynamika výbuchu a její užití [4] and German study Explosion Protection - Architectural Design, Urban Planing and Landscape Planning [5] were designed several shapes protective structures that were tested for the effects of interaction of shock waves with the construction by the ANSYS program. Based on the results of the analysis the most suitable shape of protection structure is suggested [7].

KEYWORDS: protective structures, shock wave, interaction of shock wave


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